The heart is one of the more vital organs in our body; injury to it can cost you your life. Many people who recover from heart disease have many doubts about their future and how they should live to prevent another frightening episode. It is terrifying for anyone who has a heart attack. Along with the chest pains, emergency hospital admission, and medical procedures – it undoubtedly changes everything about the person, both mentally and physically.
An extended stay in the hospital after a heart attack and surgery brings a lot of perspective to that individual. After all, this is a life-changing event, and it is inevitable to have feelings of fear, anxiety, and depression during this period, but it is essential to think positively at this time and think about the kind of changes that needs to be implemented to live a healthier, longer life.
What causes a heart attack in the first place?
Heart attack, cardiac arrest, stroke, and myocardial infarction are often used interchangeably, with many believing it to be the same. However, cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack or myocardial infarction, and stroke. It’s essential to understand the difference between them because of the different management protocols.
Cardiac arrest happens when the heart stops working, which leads to unconsciousness. That is often due to a malfunction within the heart. A heart attack/myocardial infarction (MI) occurs when the heart tissue experiences damage due to a lack of blood reaching the organ. That is often the result of problems in the arteries that supply the flow of blood; narrowing of these vessels by plaque is usually what causes a heart attack or MI.
A stroke is a little different still, as it can happen anywhere in the body. A stroke occurs due to a clot being dislodged in the blood vessels. This clot moves through the blood and can block any artery, causing damage to the organs.
However, after any heart injury, the priority must be in preventing another incidence. It is also vital to realize that having a heart attack in no way stops you from living your life. Many people believe that their life has ended after suffering from a heart attack, but that is far from the truth.
What kind of care is needed to prevent another one?
Doctors recommend rest for two weeks to a few months depending on the severity of the damage caused to the heart. It is also encouraged that these individuals resume their regular jobs after consulting their healthcare provider to ensure that the nature of their work does not worsen their condition in any way.
There are several care instructions issued by the hospital before they discharge a patient who has undergone treatment for a heart attack. These instructions include:
- Quit smoking – Smoking harms the body in multiple ways. Apart from the damage it causes to the lungs, the nicotine raises blood pressure and narrows the vessels’ lumen.
Smoking increases the risk of a heart attack. | Source: freepik.com
- Taking medicines at the right time – All medications prescribed by the physician should be taken at the right time in the correct dose. These medicines are likely to prevent another heart attack.
- Participate in a cardiac rehabilitation program – This is a program, especially for those who have suffered cardiac issues. A support group will help individuals get back to life and do all the mundane activities before their heart attack.
- Manage your blood pressure – Most often, people who suffer from a myocardial infarction have raised blood pressure. That leads to the hardening of the arterial walls and negatively affects the heart’s health. Diet changes can also help reduce high blood pressure, for instance, eliminating excess salt.
- Keep blood sugar in control – If you have diabetes, make sure you take your diabetic medications so that your blood sugar stays within range. Excess glucose in the blood can cause a lot of harm to the arteries and significantly affect heart health.
- Manage cholesterol levels – Cholesterol clogs blood vessels and raises blood pressure; therefore, it is essential to keep cholesterol levels in the normal range.
- Move around and stay physically active – It cannot be stressed enough that it is healthy for the body to remain active. One shouldn’t remain stagnant after a heart attack; this will cause more harm than good. Light-intensity exercises are encouraged and advised by many physicians to improve heart health.
Exercise can significantly improve your heart health and recovery process. | Source: freepik.com
- Lose weight – Obesity can lead to a sudden heart attack. Research has revealed that a 10% loss in weight helps decrease the risk of having another MI.
- Attend follow-up appointments – It is imperative to attend all follow-up appointments to assess any abnormality in the heart that can be caught early before any symptoms appear.
There have been many advancements in medicine that have produced positive outcomes, especially for patients who have suffered a heart attack. The fear and anxiety that exists after a heart attack will cause some individuals to seek professional help to counter their fears and live a long anxiety-free life. A routine of exercise and a healthy diet will increase healing and avoid repeated episodes. However, if you experience chest pain, sudden fatigue, dizziness, or swelling in your legs at any time, make sure to visit your healthcare provider immediately.
Visit your doctor immediately if you experience any recurrent heart symptoms | Source: freepik.com
Bonus video: “Heart Attack: A Patient’s Guide to Coping After Discharge”
Can you live a long life after a heart attack?
After a first heart attack, most people go on to live a long, productive life. However, around 20 percent of patients age 45 and older will have another heart attack within five years of their first. The critical factor is to stay healthy and exercise regularly.
Is the damage from a heart attack permanent?
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction (MI), is permanent damage to the heart muscle. “Myo” means muscle, “cardial” refers to the heart, and “infarction” means the death of tissue due to lack of blood supply.
What are the symptoms of a heart attack?
These can occur while you are active or at rest, and include:
- Chest pain (angina)
- Tightness or pressure in your arms, neck, jaw, or stomach
- Shortness of breath
- Dizziness, weakness, or fainting
- Pale, sweaty skin
- Fast or irregular heartbeat
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Swelling or pain in your legs
Can the heart muscle recover after a heart attack?
The answer is most likely yes. The heart muscle begins to heal soon after a heart attack. It usually takes about eight weeks to recover fully so that you can go about your normal routine. Scar tissue may form in the damaged area, and that scar tissue does not contract or pump as well as healthy muscle tissue.
Do heart attacks shorten your life?
Is heart attack curable?
Although we can’t cure heart disease, we can make it better. Most forms of heart disease are very treatable today. There is some evidence that normalizing high blood pressure and lowering cholesterol to very low levels will partially reverse plaques in the coronary arteries, potentially avoiding an inevitable heart problem.
What should you not do after a heart attack?
Your doctor will likely advise you to refrain from sex and other strenuous physical activities for at least 2 to 3 weeks after your heart attack. Also, a list of foods to avoid should be provided. Focus on a healthy diet and light exercise.
What type of heart attack kills instantly?
Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is a sudden, unexpected death caused by a change in heart rhythm (sudden cardiac arrest). It is the largest cause of natural death in the United States, resulting in about 325,000 adult deaths each year. SCD is responsible for half of all heart disease deaths.
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